Canada is situated at the north end of the American region. Its location ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and north to the Arctic Ocean. It takes up almost half of the North American region since it is the 2nd largest country after Russia. It borders in America to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is said that the area was initially ruled by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is proof that the very first people who initially came to Canada, did so through traversing a land bridge which had formed in between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age about 40,000 years back (More on: canadian visa ).
History demonstrates that the first European contact the nation had has been done thanks to the pursuit made by the Italian John Cabot, who was cruising after the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot went into the eastern Canadian coast and acquired it for the King. This trip, along with subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to locate a large number of the eastern portion of ??North America; the truth is, they subsequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and nearby parts in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French explorer, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to have a trip trying to find the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to locate wealth like all those they had found in Inca and Aztec territory, in other words, these people were focused on looking for gold above all else, but Cartier just found “stones and a few terrible and large rocks” according to what he stated in his diary.
Cartier carried on exploring and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), in whose territory he acquired for France. French people enjoyed their luxurious monopoly for several years, however in 1670 British came out with the aim of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, that led to a legal discussion among those who had on their side the negotiations on territory possession. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
Then, the federal government handed down the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the region directly into two British colonies identified as Upper Canada (currently southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (currently southern Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, however both provinces were governed with the British penal code. Each and every colony had its designated leader and was free to select its cabinet or executive council.
Issues elevated considering that the authorities as well as its council were English but led a generally French assembly, which generated political tension and rebellions. The suggestions of union quickly appeared however it wasn’t until 1840 that they were raised as legislation. Both colonies soon joined in the province of Canada, governed by the completely new Parliament of Canada as the only legal body.
Last but not least, it acquired its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined up with Canada in 1949.
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